Physiotherapy of Sport Bascharage
The sports physiotherapist plays a vital role in the recovery and preparation of amateur or professional sportsmen. He must treat, relieve and rehabilitate his patients to allow a return to the field as soon as possible and possible conditions. To do so, he is in contact with the doctor, the trainer and the physical trainers.
For many, sports activity takes a major place in everyday life. If it is a real way of life for some, the objectives are multiple: leisure, performance / competition, evacuation of accumulated nervous tension, prevention of cardiovascular disorders …
A Taiwan study published in 2011 in the medical journal The Lancet, showed that a moderate physical activity of 15 minutes per day or 90 minutes per week could reduce overall mortality by 14% and thus contribute to an increase in expectancy. life of 3 years. As soon as an injury occurs, the athlete is forced to stop his sporting activity, which can lead to a feeling of physical or even psychological lack …
It is at this moment that the physiotherapist of the sport intervenes. However, if the sports physiotherapist intervenes during this phase of rehabilitation, is it not his role also to “prevent” the injury?
When to see a Sports Physiotherapist?
The prevention will aim to avoid the injury by offering you post-exercise recovery care (competitions, marathon, trail, triathlon etc …), various exercises of muscle strengthening, stretching, both analytical and global (functional ).
Rehabilitation comes after an injury. Indeed, sports activity is a source of injuries that can force the athlete to stop and leave behind. It’s important to never underestimate even minimal injury. The aim of the reeducation will be to restore the physical (and psychological) integrity of the athlete, to avoid chronic pain due to the injury, to reduce the acute pain, to recover the articular amplitudes, to carry out a muscular reinforcement, to work balance … The return to the field will be done in stages in agreement with the patient and the staff (coaches, doctors …)
Reathlisation occurs during and after the rehabilitation phase.
During the rehabilitation phase, it is for example to maintain the cardiorespiratory capabilities of the athlete. The re-training program is individualized: it takes into account the sport practiced, the physiological parameters of the athlete and the characteristics of his injury. Sometimes this break with the competition is beneficial to the athlete and allows in particular to address other aspects of physical preparation. The goal is to give the coach an athlete in the best physical shape possible and facilitate its recovery. Reathlisation must never interfere with rehabilitation or healing, the goal of rehabilitation being to find the function of the injured party, while re-athleticization focuses on athletic qualities.
After rehabilitation, reathlisation will allow to set up very individualized exercises taking into account the physiological parameters, morphological and especially the characteristics of the injury or the patient’s surgery. The goal is to restore the patient’s state of physical fitness before injury or “better”. This supervision can be completed by the intervention of a dietician / nutritionist and / or a psychotherapist. “Mental re-athleticization” is often necessary (example: after an ACL operation only 38% of athletes return to the same level of sport while 92% of athletes have found all the functional abilities of their knee)